2. How time slows down.
For all that I believe yanchilin's quantum theory of gravity is correct, I found one error in Him.
This error is not fatal to his theory.
An erroneous conclusion is that near
for a large mass, the speed of time increases. This means that near a large mass, the decay rate is
radioactive elements should be increased, and the experiments show the opposite. So it is necessary not to require
new experiments, and understand the reason.
Considered example. The neutron flies away from the observer at speed v, because of the Doppler effect, the length of its de Broglie wave increases,
the natural frequency decreases, the decay constant increases according to the formula
Now let's consider the same situation, but let the neutron not fly away from the observer, but on the contrary, fly in the direction of the observer.
In this case, its de Broglie wavelength will decrease due to the Doppler effect, and its natural frequency will increase, but it is constant
the decay rate will still increase according to the above formula. Means Doppler frequency shift and deceleration
the time of a moving object is not the same.
The formula written above can be converted as follows (for the non-relativistic case)
This shows that the decay constant increases if the proportion of kinetic energy in the total energy of an atom or particle increases.
The quantum theory of gravity predicts that the rest mass of a particle or atom decreases with the growth of the absolute value of the gravitational
potential's. This means that the share of kinetic energy in the total energy of an atom or particle increases with the absolute value < br />
the gravitational potential, which means the constant of its decay must increase. It is also consistent with the prediction of General relativity.
In addition, Yanchin's quantum theory of gravity States that as the absolute value of the gravitational potential increases, it decreases
quantum unreality. It would be illogical for a decrease in quantum uncertainty to accelerate radioactive decay.
To understand the question of what gravitational time dilation means, let's turn to the analogy with an amplitude-modulated signal
in radio engineering. What does the carrier or envelope carry in such a signal? The envelope, of course. If we increase or decrease the carrier
frequency, then the speed of information transmission will not change, and if we shift the envelope spectrum to the side of reduction, then the speed of transmission
information decreases regardless of the carrier frequency, which may even increase
Particles and atoms in the Universe interact by exchanging real and virtual photons and other particles.
At the same time, the time of radiation and absorption of these photons and other particles is finite. And it is this time that determines
the speed of all processes in the physical system, regardless of the natural frequency of the particles that carry out the transfer
interactions. If the rate of radiation/absorption of particles that carry interactions increases, it will slow down accordingly
the speed of all processes in the physical system.
How to test this experimentally. From the fact that the photon radiation time increases and its frequency increases simultaneously
it follows that the natural width of its spectral line should decrease. This means that the clock at a higher absolute value of the gravitational
we must go not only slower, but also more accurately. This is easy to check. It is necessary to set a couple of hours on the beach in Tuapse, which
they represent a quantum frequency standard, and within, say, half a year, determine the standard deviation of their measurement of intervals
time's. Then move them to Elbrus for another six months and again determine the standard deviation, and then compare the reseltates.
If the relative accuracy of the movement of the clock at the bottom is higher, it will be in favor of my version of nature
gravitational deceleration of time, so m in favor of the quantum theory of gravity of Yanchilin.
However, if you make calculations, it turns out that when using one pair of hours to detect the effect, the experiment will require several
billions of years, and if we want to get the oesultat within a year, we need to use several billion pairs of hours.
But still, the increase in the duration of photons near a large mass can be verified by a simple astrophysical experiment
It is assumed that in the past, the gravitational potential of the Universe was greater, that is, the photons emitted by distant galaxies should be
longer ones. To test this, you need to connect a telescope with an interferometer and measure the coherence length of light emitted by distant galaxies.
Next, we need to build a graph similar to the Hubble graph, in which the distance to the galaxy is plotted along the abscissa axis, and the coherence length is plotted along the ordinate axis.
If the effect of increasing the coherence length of light as the distance to the galaxy increases is detected, this will indicate in favor of the quantum
theories of gravity. And in addition, astronomers will have a new method for measuring distances to distant galaxies.